CAHYONO, DWI (2010)
The objective of the study is to describe the Panic Room film based on structural analysis and psychoanalytic analysis. This study is a qualitative study. The object of this study is Panic Room film directed by David Fincher’s released in March 29, 2002. The data source is the Panic Room itself includes the manuscript and film. The method of data collection is library research. The technique of data analysis is descriptive analysis. The researcher concludes the structural elements of Panic Room such as character and characterization, plot, setting, point of view, theme and style are related one another and become a unity that build a good story. This film includes some conditions such as love, affection, power, common conflict, sadness, etc. It brought her into anxiety because of the influence of her personality. In the ending she got the positive thinking the strength to get the best achievement. The outcome of the study shows that the problem of the major character causes the conflict of her mental condition.
A. Background of the Study
Human beings are social creatures who have to relate with the external
world. They need the nature to satisfy their wishes. They feel sad, happy,
disappointed, and anxious. Human being can’t be separated from anxiety in
their life. Every person ever feels it because they have a feeling. Sometimes
they feel anxious to lose their job, to fail in the examination, and got bad
mark. This condition makes them feels guilty, under pressure, sad and
disappointed. They are different one another, thus each is unique. Human,
though, have various nature also. Sometimes some persons can be so nice but
in the other occasion they may do so cruel. For certain case, it may emerge
very extreme. They will face anxiety if the need is not fulfilled in their daily.
The sources of anxiety come from two factors. The first factor comes
from internal human being itself or from biological instinct, and the second
factor comes from external world. Human beings do the wishes to satisfy the
need so that they will not be anxious. So the needs motivate them to relate
with external world. If human being can’t anticipate both of sources, they will
be controls by their anxiety.
Anxiety is the part of psychoanalytic theory which is the branch of
psychological theory. Sigmund Freud is the psychologist who introduced the
theory. The concepts of personality have two fundamental assumptions that
mental life is divided into two levels; they are conscious and the unconscious.
Freud divided the kinds of component of personality; they are id, ego and
superego. In defining anxiety, Freud emphasized that anxiety is “A felt
affective, unpleasant state, accompanied by a physical sensation that warns the
person against impending danger” (Feist, 1985: 31). And anxiety is “An ego
function which alerts the persons to source of impending danger that must be
counteracted or avoided” (Hjelle, 1992: 102).
In explaining about anxiety above, the writer describes the anxiety of
major character in literary works. There are so many examples of literary
work in which the character faces anxiety to solve the problem. The author
creates a conflict in which the character will face one or more difficulties to
overcome it. So they will feel anxious. One example of film is Stop-loss that
portrays the soldier anxiety in the war. The soldiers did their job in Iraq, and
they met with the fearful situations.
In this case, the writer analyzes Panic Room film. Panic Room is a
2002 thriller film directed by David Fincher. David Leo Fincher was born in
August 28, 1962. He is an Academy Award-nominated American filmmaker
and music video director known for his dark and stylish movies such as Seven,
Fight Club, Zodiac and The Curious Case of Benjamin Button. Panic Room
starring Jodie Foster and Forest Whitaker, It also stars Jared Leto, Dwight
Yoakam, and Kristen Stewart. The film tells a story of a mother and a
daughter hiding in a panic room during an invasion by three armed robbers
who aimed at millions of dollars stored in the house.
The film focuses on a panic room, a safe shelter usually located inside
a residence. The panic room in this film is protected by a four-inch-thick steel
door and an impressive security system, and features a phone line not
connected to the residence. The residence is 38 West 94th Street in Manhattan,
a four-story townhouse that was previously owned by a disabled reclusive
millionaire. Following the owner's death, the house was bought by Meg
Altman (Foster), a woman, recently divorced from the owner of a
pharmaceutical giant, who is planning to go back to college. Meg has a 12-
year-old daughter Sarah (Stewart) who suffers from Type 1 diabetes.
On the night the two moves into the house, it is broken by Junior
(Leto), the grandson of the previous owner, and Burnham (Whitaker), an
employee of the security company, the residence used the services. The two
robbers are known after $3 million in bearer bonds, which is locked inside a
floor safe in the panic room. Unknown to Burnham until after they've broken
in, Junior has recruited Raoul (Yoakam), a bus driver who lives in Flatbush, to
assist in the heist.
After discovering that the Altmans have moved into the house one
week before they anticipated, the robbers decide to go on as planned with the
heist. However, Meg wakes up and discovers the intruders from the CCTV
monitors in the panic room when she wanted to switch off its glaring light.
Before the three can stop her, she runs to Sarah, wakes her by pouring water
onto her face, and together they escape to the panic room.
The three make several attempts to get into the room, including filling
the room with propane to get the Altmans to come out, and tunneling in from
underneath. Both do not work. The Altmans make several attempts to call for
help, including signaling a nearby neighbor with a flashlight (who they can
only see from the opening of a water pipe) and tapping into the main
telephone line to call for help (because Meg has not yet hooked up the panic
room's phone). Only one works; the two get through to Meg's husband and
Sarah's father, Stephen, before the burglars cut them off. To make matters
worse, Sarah collapses due to hypoglycaemia caused by her diabetes and
unfortunately the glucagon injections are in the fridge.
However, a police patrolman arrives having received Altman's call
earlier. With Sarah trapped with the two burglars, and Raoul threatening to kill
her, Meg lies to the officer. Meanwhile, Burnham gets to work on the safe and
obtains the bearer bonds. As the duo attempt to leave while using Sarah as a
hostage, Meg and the badly injured Altman attack them. After an intense
struggle, Burnham flees while Raoul prepares to kill Meg with a
sledgehammer. However, upon hearing her screams for help, Burnham
doubles back and kills Raoul, delaying him enough that he gets caught by the
police who return as the earlier patrolman was suspicious at Meg's behaviour.
As they approach, he releases the bonds, letting them fly off into the night.
The film closes with Meg and Sarah searching for a new house in the
The writer tried to conduct study on personality of major character,
Meg Altman (Jodie Foster) in Panic Room film. It is the point the writer wants
to highlight. The person who has fear about the danger caused by the beyond
of the world. Therefore, the writer settles on that the appropriate approach for
this work is psychoanalysis. The title of this research is formulated
“ANXIETY IN DAVID FINCHER’S PANIC ROOM FILM: A
B. Literary Review
The writer finds some literary reviews deals with the research. The
first literary review from Ristiani (UMS, 2005) with her Suppression Toward
The Anxiety Reaction in Tennessee William Play A Steetcar Named
Desire: A Psychoanalytic Approach. She analyzes the play and finds that
suppressions toward anxiety reaction are used to reduce Blanche Dubois.
Anxiety reduces the personality and causes mental illness for the major
The second literary review is from Udin (UMS, 2005) with his
Anxiety in John Knowles’ a Separate Peace: A Psychoanalytic Approach.
He analyzes the data dealing with Gene’s structure of personality and Gene’s
anxiety. The author’s describe that jealousy will cause someone anxious and it
will add the problem in Gene’s life.
Here the writer will analyze anxiety that reflected Panic Room film
focusing on personality of major character, Meg Altman (Jodie Foster) with
Psychoanalytic approach. This research has same theory with the literary
C. Problem Statement
Considering the phenomenon clarified above, the writer proposes the
problem. The problem of this research is how anxiety is reflected in David
Fincher’s Panic Room film.
D. Limitation of the Study
To focus on the study, the writer needs to limit the study. The writer
analyzes Meg Altman (Jodie Foster) as major character in Panic Room by
using psychoanalytic approach.
E. Objective of the Study
From the problem statements above, the writer can draw the objectives
of the research, they are:
1. to describe the Panic Room film based on the structural elements.
2. to describe the Panic Room film based on psychoanalytic approach.
F. Benefit of the Study
The writer expects this research will give some benefits for everyone
who concern with it. They are as in the line:
1. Theoretical Benefit.
The aim of study is to give additional information in literary research,
especially literary studies on Panic Room film.
2. Practical Benefit.
This research uses by the next researchers to do the research relates to
Psychoanalytic approach, especially on David Fincher’s Panic Room film.
G. Research Method
In every research, there should be a short method to make the
research easy to be carried out. The methods of this research are as follows:
1. Type of the Study
The writer will use descriptive qualitative research in this literary work. It
refers to research based on qualitative data taken from film script “Panic
Room” written by David Koepp and David Fincher as the director.
2. Object of the Study
The researcher took the Panic Room film written by David Koepp and
directed by David Fincher as the object of the study.
3. Types of the Data and the Data Source
a. Type of the Data
The data of this research are texts in the form of movie script and also
the motion pictures of Panic Room film.
b. The Data Source
The writer will use the data which are taken from the movie script and
VCD film of Panic Room.
4. Technique of the Data Collection
The data collection method will be library research, release
document to be observed. Meanwhile, the techniques are:
a. Reading the script and watching the movie repeatedly and carefully.
b. Identifying a particular part that is important and relevant for the
c. Making note both primary and secondary data.
d. Arranging, researching and developing the selected materials into good
unity toward the topic of the study.
5. Technique of the Data Analysis
The writer will take the descriptive analysis in which the writer
will try to find the answer of the alteration nature of the major character in
Panic Room film using the psychoanalysis approach.
H. Research Paper Organization
In order to make this paper easy to followed, the writer makes the
paper organization. Chapter one is Introduction. It deals with background of
the study, literature review, problem statement, objective of the study,
limitation of the study, benefit of the study, research method and the research
paper organization. Chapter two deals with Underlying Theory that will
consist of the theory of psychoanalysis, character of psychoanalysis, anxiety
and theoretical application. Chapter three will concern with the structural
analysis of the work, which includes character and characterization, plot, point
of view, setting, theme, and style of the Panic Room film and the discussion.
Chapter four is deals with Psychoanalysis and Chapter five is Conclusion and