UMI SRI MUKTI ASIH.
The object of this research is the movie entitled In the Valley of Elah by
Paul Haggis.The major problem of this study is how struggle to find the truth
behind the unexplainable moment reflected in the movie Paul Haggis’ In the
Valley of Elah based on Individual Psychological Approach. So, this research
paper answers the major problem within the suggestions.
The researcher employs qualitative research method. In this method, the
researcher uses two data resources namely primary and secondary data sources.
The primary data source is the movie Paul Haggis’ In the Valley of Elah itself.
The secondary data source is the books about individual psychology and the other
source related to the analysis. The method of data collection is descriptive
The results of this study are two points. First, it is structural elements of
the movie which presents unity. It appears in the exposition, complication, climax,
and resolution of the story. Second, it is the individual psychological analysis
shows the struggle of a veteran war to find the truth and he is success.
A. Background of the Study
Life is always up and down. People will face pleasant and
unpleasant thing each day. When the moment of pleasant come, the people
welcome it with hope it will never end. In the other hand, pain and sorrow
wait the people to be friend also. They walk together beside of those people. It
is called destiny.
The destiny makes the people aware of effort. People try to get the
best things even though it follows them to get nothing. Everything can be
learnt as the process of maturity. When the condition lasts, the people are
being forced to decide their own life. Sometimes they are desperate but
sometimes not. The movie Paul Haggis’ In the Valley of Elah shows us how
the spirit of getting the truth for their close person. Paul Haggis is a director
who often makes the film such these with the similar theme “war”.
Paul Haggis is known as best director, script writer and screen
player. He subsequently makes his future directing debut with Crash (2005). It
explores racial and social tension in Los Angeles. Following his Oscar wins,
Haggis adapted the screenplay for Tony Goldwiyn’s The Last Kiss. The same
year, Haggis was hired to do rewrite of Casino Royale,the 21st installment of
James Bond Franchise. He also makes other works.
Paul Haggis also wrote the screenplay for Client Eastwood’s Oscar
nominated war film Flag Of Our Father (2006). It is true story of six men who
raised the flag at Iwo Jima . He continued wrote screenplay with Letters from
Iwo Jima. It is the same story told from Japanese perspective. He wrote and
directed the film In the Valley of Elah (2007). He created NBC’s drama series
The Black Donnelly (2007). He directed Honeymoon with Harry (2008) which
is adapted from Bart Baker’s novel (http://boxofficemojo.com/movies/in -thevalley
Works usually leave a critical or adornment. Some people say it is
good but there are many critical follow in Paul Haggis’ In the Valley of Elah.
One of then is Boyd Van Hoeij. He thought that the director used to convey
the idea that people can ever fully see or understand what someone else has
gone through. It is even when that person is as close as our own child, and
even when the events are as shared as one soldier's war is known to another.
People can, at best, only begin to glimpse small parts of another's experience;
and even when people do, those glimpses are distorted by noise and obscured
by our own distance and removal. So, people’s understanding is always
in - valley-of-elah.html).
Paul Haggis’ In the Valley of Elah is drama movie. It is needs two
hours and one minute to watch. This film is begun with the curiosity of a war
veteran, Hank Deerfield (Tommy Lee Jones), and his wife, Joan (Susan
Saradon). They search for their son, Mike (Jonathan Tucker). Mike is a soldier
who recently returned from Iraq but has mysteriously gone missing.
Hank never has been tired to look for his son. He investigates this
case carefully. He is aided by a police detective (Charlize Theron) who
personally involved in this case. Fortunately, Hank finds where Mike is. Based
on the investigation, Mike’s body is cut into pieces and burnt. The military
officials initially attempt to block the police investigation and then suggest
that Mike’s death was due to drug related violence.
The investigation continues although the military officials has
blocked. The platoon mates who last saw him lie to Hank and the police. Hank
tells to the police that although he suspects the soldiers are lying about
something, they could not have killed their comrade. Ultimately, it turns out
that Hank is wrong. The soldier who confesses to Hank and police seems
emotionally detached from his words and action, likely due to post-traumatic
stress disorder from the war.
Hank understands what really happens to his son. He comes back
home. He is disappointed about this case. He turns down the American flag in
front of the office. He changes into the dirty flag and turns it over so that it is
upside down. The movie In the Valley of Elah shows the power of human for
getting the truth. Paul Haggis makes it good.
After analyzing the film’s case, the writer would like to analyze the
major character, Hank Deerfield. He is a wise and strongly man who plays
important in this case. He shows the psychological phenomenon by his
character and characterization. In this study, the writer encourages herself to
give a title “STRUGGLE FOR FINDING THE TRUTH BEHIND THE
UNEXPLAINABLE MOMENT IN PAUL HAGGIS’ IN THE VALLEY
OF ELAH: AN INDIVIDUAL PSYCHOLOGICAL APPROACH”.
B. Literature Review
The movie, In the Valley of Elah, is an interesting work. The
theme brought makes the people aware of situation which is people ever get
through the same case, unexplainable moment. There is no researcher uses this
movie as the object, but the writer finds several researchers use the same
perspective, individual psychological approach.
The writer chooses two researchers with the similar perspective, Individual
Psychological Approach. They are Mariana Sri Utami with “The Struggle for
freedom of Rolland Emmerick’s The Patriot: An Individual Psychological
Approach and Dwi Purwaningrum with “A Struggle for love in F. Scoot
Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby: An individual Psychological Approach. Both
are the student of Muhamadiyah University of Surakarta of 2004 and 2001
year. They investigate about the major character within the object.
The first researcher, Mariana Sri Utami, concerns with the striving of the
major character, Benjamin Martin, to gain the freedom in their own land.
There are many obstacles have to be faced by him to reach his goal. The
personal adventure plays as the important role there. The second ones, Dwi
Purwaningrum, investigates the influence of love on the life of the major
character. It means to create good behavior, generous and good appearance.
The writer also concerns with the major character.
In this paper, the writer will take the individual psychological approach to
reveal the struggle for finding the truth behind the unexplainable moment.
Here Hank Deerfield (Tommy Lee Jones) is the main character who wants to
make his case is clear.
C. Problem Statement
The major problem of the study is how the struggle for breaking the
lies and finding the truth of Hank Deerfield is reflected in Paul Haggis’ In the
Valley of Elah .
D. Research Limitation
This study is limited to the struggle for finding the truth of Hank
Deerfield and how the struggle influences his psychology development in Paul
Haggis’ In the Valley of Elah. This study uses individual psychology
perspective. It is as a means of analysis with consideration that Hank
Deerfield’s psychological development is influenced by the struggle for
finding the truth behind the unexplainable moment.
E. Objectives of the Study
This research paper aims to analyze the structural element of Paul
Haggis’ In the Valley of Elah based on an individual psychological
F. Benefits of the Study
The result of the study is highly expected to give benefit as follow:
1. Theoretical Benefit
This study is expected to give a high contribution to the body of
knowledge, particularly to those who are interested in Paul Haggis’ In the
Valley of Elah.
2. Practical Benefit
This study is expected to give deeper understanding in literary field as
the reference to the other researcher in analyzing the movie Paul Haggis’
In the Valley of Elah into different perspective.
G. Research Method
In this research, the writer analyzes the Paul Haggis’ In the Valley of
Elah, using qualitative method. There are four points that should be taken into
account in this research method:
1. Type of the Study
The type of study is qualitative study which takes the source data from
words and other written texts.
2. Object of the Study
The writer takes In the Valley of Elah as the object of the study. The
movie is directed by Paul Haggis released in September 14, 2007. The
duration is 121 minutes.
3. Type of the Data and the Data Resource
In doing this study, the writer uses two sources of the data, the re are:
a. Primary Data Source
The primary data source is the film itself In the Valley of Elah
by Paul Haggis. The data are taken from the dialogue, scene, setting
and all of the statement related to the problem.
b. Secondary Data Source
The secondary data source is taken from other sources, which
relates to the primary data such as website about the film and another
data related to this research.
4. Technique the Data Collection
The data are taken by watching the movie of The Patriot in order to
understand about the movie.
b. Library Research
The data are collected from the book that related to the topic.
5. Technique of the Data Analysis
The writer uses two techniques in analyzing the data:
a. Analyzing the structural element of the movie.
b. Analyzing the struggle for freedom of the main character using
descriptive analyzing based on underlying theories.
H. Paper Organization
This paper is divided into five chapters. The first chapter is
introduction, covering the background of the study, literature review, problem
statement, objective of the study, theoretical approach, and research method
and paper organization. The second chapter deals with underlying theory,
including the notion of individual psychology and basic assumption of
individual psychology, structural of the film and theoretical application. The
third chapter is the structural analysis of the film, including narrative and
technical elements. The fourth chapter is dealing with analysis individual
psychology. And the last chapter is conclusion and suggestion.