Friday, April 22, 2011


Arwan, Firdaus (2009)
The major problem of this study is how religion conflicts that happened in England society in the end of twentieth century until beginning of twenty-first century are reflected in Ridley Scott’s Kingdom of Heaven movie. The objectives of the study are to analyze the structural elements of the movie and to identity the relation between the movie and the social realities of the England in the end of twentieth century until beginning of twenty-first century. The object of research paper is the Kingdom of Heaven movie. This study belongs to qualitative study. In this method, the researcher used the data source: primary data and secondary data source. The primary data and the object of the study is Kingdom of Heaven movie, meanwhile the secondary data are from essay, the biography of other author and the other of the literary work which are related to this study. The technique of data analysis is uses the library research, structural analysis of the Kingdom of Heaven movie and sociological analysis of literary work. Based on the analysis, the writer draws conclusions. There is religion conflict in Kingdom of Heaven movie, explain between Islam and Christianity live together. The reason conflict in Kingdom of Heaven movie is Guy and his armies attack Muslim caravan and occupying territories. The crusade in Jerusalem went on until three days. Furthermore Balian asked Saladin to negotiation, finally Balian deals to give Jerusalem for Saladin.

A. Background of the Study
Religion is a system of symbols, composed of beliefs and practices,
developed in a communal setting, often institutionally legitimated, which
negotiates and interacts with a power or force that is experienced as within and
beyond the self and group, this power or forces is most often referred to as God
or spirits. The symbolic and social boundaries of religion mobilize group identity
and at time; conflict and even violence within and between group. (James K.
Wellman Jr., ed. Lanham. (2007). Religion and Violence across Time and
Religion is a belief to have of every human or every individual in the
world to God. And a person has a freedom to choose their belief. For example in
our country Indonesia. A person has a fundamental law to choose their belief or
their religion. Even our country has a protection to a person to choose their
Religion is also important because as a central part of many individual
identities, any threat to one very being. This is primary motivation for religion
nationalist. Religion is a human phenomenon that defies easy definition. It is
commonly understood as belief or attitudes concerning an object (real or
imagined), person (real or imagined), or system or thought considered to be
supernatural, sacred, or divine, and the moral codes, practices, values, institution,
and rituals associated with such belief or system of thought. It is sometimes used
interchangeably with “faith” or belief system in the course of the development of
religion. It has taken many forms in various culture and individuals. (Guy
Lancaster (2007) Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture
March 10, 2008).
Many religions also have different doctrine, which can be conflict.
Believers are called upon to spread the world of God and increase the number of
the flock. For the example is the effort to impose Christian on subject people was
an important part of the conflict surrounding European Colonization. Similarly, a
group may seek to deny other religion the opportunity to practice their faith. In
part, this is part of the desire to minimize belief the dominant group feels to be
dangerous. Conflict has meanings:
1. An open clash between two opposing groups (or individual).
2. Opposition between two simultaneous but incompatible feelings.
3. A hostile meeting of opposing military forces in the course of a war.
4. A state of opposition between person or ideas or interests.
5. An incompatibility of dates or events.
6. Opposition in a work of drama or fiction between character and forces
(especially an opposition that motivates the development of the plot).
7. A disagreement or argument about something important.
(Guy Lancaster (2007) Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture
ta. March 10, 2008).
Conflict is a state of opposition, disagreement or incompatibility between
two or more people or groups of people, which are sometimes characterized by
physical violence military conflict between states, may constitute war.
The Religion conflict is become real thing in our life, because every
person or each religion has belief and different ways. For the example is religion
conflict in the story of Kingdom of Heaven (Crusade) by Ridley Scott. In this
movie has a message, as well as. Irronically, a film about one of the most
intolerant periods of human history. Although the Arabs and Christian slaughter
each other by the thousand during the course of the story, it is ultimately a sense
of mutual respect and understanding that avoid a final massacre.
The writer is interested in analyzing the movie because the writer wants
to discuss about relation between Arab and Christian land, they are want to live
together. And Balian, he did not look after his land but Balian wishes to get a
freedom and leave together with Arab. And the story can not tell about the ending
of the story because no one knows is the winner in the war.
B. Previous Study
As far as the writer knows the writer didn’t find another writer who has
analyzed the same movie but the writer has found the same theory, the title is
material achievements in Sidney Sheldon’s A Stranger in the Mirror sociology
C. Problem Statement
Based on the title and the background of the study, the main problem in
this research is “How is the religion conflict reflected on Kingdom of Heaven
movie by Ridley Scott”?
D. Limitation of the Study
The limitation of study is religion Conflict in Kingdom of Heaven Movie’s
by Ridley Scott using the sociological theory.
E. Objective of the Study
The objectives of the study are as follows:
1. To analyze the movie in terms of its structural elements.
2. To analyze the movie based on sociological approach.
F. Benefit of the Study
1. Theoretical Benefit:
The study is expected to develop our knowledge about the moral message on
the movie. Especially, in Ridley Scott Kingdom of Heaven movie.
2. Practical Benefit:
The study is expected to give an additional contribution on understanding the
study is religion conflict in Kingdom of Heaven movie’s by Ridley Scott
using the sociological approach.
G. Research Method
1. Type of the Research
Research method used is qualitative research. Collecting, analyzing
and interpreting data by observing what people do and say. Refers to the
meaning, concepts, definition, characteristics, metaphor, symbols and
description of things. In analyzing the data, the writer will apply sociological
2. Type of the Data and the Data Source
The type of data used in the study is text that is consisting of primary
data source and secondary data source.
a. Primary data source
The primary data sources are taken from the plot of Kingdom of
Heaven’s movie by Ridley Scott. The data involves dialogues, character’s
action, which relevant to the subject matter of this research
b. Secondary data source
The secondary data source are taken from other source such as
essay, comment, historical information, biography of Kingdom of Heaven
movie by Ridley Scott internet and other relevant information.
3. Technique of the Data Collection
The research uses the library research, which means the data from
both primary and secondary source. In collecting data, the writers take some
procedures such as:
a. Watching the movie repeatedly.
b. Identify the movie.
4. Technique of the Data Analysis
In this study the technique that is uses to analyzed the data is the
structural or plot of the Kingdom of Heaven movie by Ridley Scott and
finally, sociological analysis of literary work.
H. Paper Organization
The writer divides this research into six chapters as follows:
Chapter I consists of the background of the study, literature review, problem
statement, limitation, and objective of the study, benefit of the study, research
method, and paper organization. Chapter II is underlying theory, which covers
the notion of sociology of literature, major principle of sociology of literature,
structure element of the movie, sociological approach, and theoretical
application. Chapter III is the social historical background of Ridley scoot
kingdom of heaven movie. Chapter IV is structural analysis. Chapter V deals
with sociological analysis. Finally is Chapter VI consists of conclusion of the
analysis and some suggestion.

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